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Governance as a code что это

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Governance as Code: Managing Infrastructure in Cloud

Governance as a Code is defining how applications and infrastructure should run. Governance as a Code acts as an overall managing hand that helps users stick firmly to the organization’s best practices.

What is Governance as a Code?

To manage all the infrastructure in the cloud, constant optimization is necessary for maintaining the performance, availability, security, optimum cost, and usage of applications and infrastructure.

For Example, suppose you are maintaining the security of a web application or a cluster. In that case, the security team needs to regularly analyze the security, identify the loopholes, and fix them as a continual process. Due to the manual process, the loopholes went unnoticed for long intervals and made it difficult for them to manage their security.

As the cloud environment is changing rapidly, it is impossible to manually maintain the security/health of the applications and infrastructure. A solution is required for maintaining the governance, the same way DevOps found a solution through “Infrastructure as a Code.” The solution that maintains the governance in automated ways without spoiling the agility is known as “Governance as Code.

What is the Importance of Governance in IaC?

Infrastructure as a Code becomes a standard for managing the infrastructure and is an essential DevOps practice for continuous delivery . Still, with this compliance, management and standards are not maintained as per the requirements.

Governance as a Code removes that manual work or analysis from cloud management using the machine learning principle, automation, policy management, and governance. This will enable the organizations to deliver efficient and consistent outputs with maximum security without sacrificing agility.

What is the need of Governance as Code?

Consider having a code in your firm that can grasp the business service you are providing —including the underlying applications and resources that interacted to create this service—and is capable of balancing performance, dependability, and the financial necessity to satisfy your business needs. If a user deviates from best practices, systems based on governance as code would provide a recommendation and push the necessary modifications to keep the desired state. Some of these modifications will require interaction with people but many will be done automatically.

Governance as code promises enormous improvements in terms of efficiency and innovation. It uses machine learning, automation, governance, and policy management principles to take the guesswork out of cloud administration. In many ways, governance as code will be similar to high-frequency trading, which depends on the sophisticated business and strategy-aware software and algorithms to accomplish results that humans cannot. IT teams can use governance as code to establish and automate best practice standards for managing all elements of services, applications, and infrastructure, including cost, availability, security, performance, and consumption.

How to achieve Governance as a Code?

  1. Decide What to do: Prepare a strategy and identify your workloads and stakeholders.
  2. Analyze and Document: Rationalize the security requirements, i.e., defining standards, best practices, security architecture, and internal constraints.
  3. Automate Deploy and Monitor: Build or deploy the security architecture and automate the rules defined in the policy engine. Automation is essential to govern at cloud speed, and also it makes it easier to maintain governance.
  4. Track: Integrating the policies with the internal management systems and provide reports and recommendations to the different departments and teams

Conclusion

Governance as a Code means maintaining governance in automated ways without spoiling the agility. It is leveling up your approach by getting visibility from your past success and failures. It is a new approach for managing the cloud and enables the teams to run at cloud speed by maintaining the optimum performance, efficiency, security, and best practices.

What is Governance as Code?

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You’re considering moving your software out to Azure, y ou’ v e read a lot about the benefits of the cloud, scaling, security options, platform as a service workloads (PaaS) , infrastructure as a service (IaaS), data analytics . T here are a lot of considerations for moving to the cloud, but have you considered how you wil l enforce existing IT governance in the cloud?

Moving these workloads to the cloud is a significant investment in defining an Azure architecture, changing code to better fit in Azure offerings, determining cost and scalability, in Azure all th ese tasks will help identify problems early . On-premises, a mature operations team would be handing the deployments organization wide to already vetted and hardened environments . Using the same extended governance in the cloud relies heavy on manual audits of resource usage and configuration.

Govern with Confidence

Enabling cloud governance with governance as code (GaC)

In Azure, you want the same confidence , we do not have the same internal self-service portal, the same operational teams, and other trust ed staff, so development confidence can be hindered, will interpretation of policy and audit forestall code promotion and product delivery?

It turns out moving your governance to the cloud can be codified to support your venture s ! Consider that we a re moving a website to Azure and wanting to use an app service, but we want to ensure that from cost perspective we want to limit developers to use development SKU’s to keep our development costs lower. By leveraging management groups, subscriptions, and policies we can enable our development staff to explore new frontiers in Azure with confidence they can deliver valu e without falling afoul of hidden electric fences.

Azure Governance Playbook FREE DOWNLOAD

Develop with Confidence

Using concepts such as Governance as Code resource policies can be stored in source control for teams to inspect, recommend change, and push changes out to Azure . We may have a policy which limits the vi rtual machine OS to D ata C enter 2016 and effectively denies any other OS . Because a new product we’re rolling out requires 2019 our development staff can view the policy, recommend a change, and integrate recent changes into our initiatives.

  1. Developers inspect policy rules around VM OS compliance
  2. Datacenter 2016 is the only available OS
  3. Checkout the source Governance Code and add Datacenter 2019
  4. Create a pull request
  5. Policy changes are inspected by appropriate groups .
  6. Complete pull request
  7. Pipelines run and update our policy

We just accomplished something in minutes that could otherwise take hours using concepts of traditional governance.

  • A re you delivering slower than you want?
  • Are developers constan tly concerned about what they can create in azure ?
  • Do you have to rework because required resources aren’t allowed in azure ?
  • Are you concerned about maintain ing compliance with organization goals and polices?

If you answ ered yes to any of the above questions, d ownload the Azure Governance Playbook and learn how to create the azure governance space that can enable your team to code with confidence.

Governance as a code что это

What is Governance as Code?

Moving at the speed of cloud. You have heard us say that about a couple different areas of our business a time or two. Miles per hour? Dead. This is the new digital reality, speed limits be damned. (This is starting to sound like a digital autobahn… what can we say? We’re car people.)

The adoption of cloud computing has been a huge source of disruption for businesses across the map, due, in part, to the rapid speed of change, and the decentralized implementation of cloud infrastructure within an organization. This adoption has led to incredible innovation and has brought forth many opportunities to grow in unprecedented ways.

Innovation and growth! Full speed ahead! But, wait… didn’t you also hear “decentralized implementation” and “rapid speed of change”? Those are a couple items that we as cybersecurity professionals feel it is our obligation to highlight. These two items in particular open up your organization to many vulnerabilities and potential opportunities for non-compliance in certain industries, and even cyber attacks.

In the pre-cloud world, IT teams were able to manage business applications and infrastructure centrally, with tight governance. As cloud implementation ramped up, this management has undergone a large shift throughout the organization and has left the sole hands of IT and has found its way to members and teams throughout the organization.

While, again, this creates so much more opportunity for agility and growth in some areas of an organization, it can drag down another by creating a strain on IT teams who are now needing to react and adapt to a sprawling infrastructure, and by creating vulnerabilities where there weren’t any before.

What if this trade off wasn’t necessary? Could you get the best of both worlds? That’s where Governance as Code comes in.

What is Governance as Code?

Just as the practice of Infrastructure as Code changed the way deployment and configuration of your applications and infrastructure was managed, Governance as Code moves your governance, including implementing best security practices, adhering to compliance requirements and standards, and allocating business resources, away from a manual, human-based approach to a more consistent, efficient, and highly repeatable code-based approach.

While human hands are still involved across the organization in a number of applications, Governance as Code systems act as an overall guiding hand to help users adhere to organizational best practices.

Many are experiencing audit nightmares having to dig through mountains of evidence to show auditors or internal stakeholders. Because everything is “code” in this scenario, it’s already there – and reporting on deficiencies, as well as areas in the green, is a straightforward exercise.

The Fishtech team has built a platform to solve the problem of mapping and enforcing infrastructure as code against compliance frameworks, utilizing a custom policy engine.

Our goal is to help enable customers to automate business processes by combining technology and compliance. By doing so, we are looking to eliminate the worry for customers who are wondering if they are secure while also increasing efficiencies within the business.

If you are looking to harness the speed of the cloud while keeping your organization efficient, compliant, and secure using Governance as Code, fill out the form below, and we will put you in contact with one of our experts.

Governance as Code is The Next Step For Enterprise IT Transformation

Krish

Ever since cloud computing took roots in the industry, Infrastructure as Code (IaC) has gained tremendous traction mainly aided by the programmatic interfaces for managing the cloud resources and recipe-based config management tools like Chef, Ansible, and others. This shift to treating infrastructure as code helped organizations embrace DevOps and streamline the consumption of infrastructure resources to meet the application needs. The modern-day avatar of using Git as the single source of truth for all of the infrastructure further increased the adoption of infrastructure as code inside the enterprises.

Benefits of Infrastructure as Code

Some of the benefits of Infrastructure as Code include:

  • IaC increases agility as the infrastructure necessary for the applications can be provisioned by executing a script. In fact, offerings like Chef Habitat when used with Chef Infra and Chef Automate could help organizations streamline not only provisioning of the infrastructure needed to deploy their applications but also in ensuring seamless application delivery
  • IaC ensures that there is consistency in infrastructure provisioning and, when used under the GitOps model, it also helps maintain a single source of truth for the underlying infrastructure. This also reduces risks as the changes in Human Resources will not have any major impact
  • IaC helps an organization become more efficient in how infrastructure is procured and consumed (in terms of capacity planning and seamless scaling up and down based on application needs). This helps organizations cut down on resource wastage and save costs

As organizations modernize, they want to empower their developers to programmatically provision the necessary infrastructure for their applications and also right-size the underlying infrastructure. This is where the Pulumi platform comes in handy. They empower developers to provision and manage the underlying resources for their applications using the same programming language developers are familiar with. Whether it is Javascript, Typescript, Python, Go, or .NET, the Pulumi platform allows developers to use their favorite programming language on a familiar IDE to effectively manage the infrastructure.

Hashicorp’s Terraform has gained traction as a multi-cloud Infrastructure as Code platform. Along with other Hashicorp products like Vault, Consul, Nomad, Terraform has emerged as the foundation for automating infrastructure provisioning across multiple cloud providers. Terraform also has a vibrant community extending the platform further.

Beyond IaC, the time is ripe for Governance as Code

As IaC (or its modern avatar GitOps) becomes a norm in enterprises, the attention is being shifted from the programmatic provisioning of infrastructure to ensuring compliance to the organization’s policies in a programmatic way. This has lead to a new trend by name Governance as Code (GaC). With Governance as Code, organizations are making sure that the governance policies are properly enforced while also empowering the developers to innovate. With Governance as Code, central IT is moving from gatekeepers to enable rapid innovation by giving developers easy access to the underlying infrastructure while, also, programmatically keeping track of all the guardrails put in place to ensure governance. Governance as Code is the next evolution of Modern Enterprise IT. They become part of the core innovation team in today’s enterprise while also ensuring compliance with both governance policies as well as regulatory requirements.

Env0 is a startup that offers a seamless governance platform that makes it easy for IT departments to ensure cost management and policy compliance using the Governance as Code paradigm. The key advantage offered by the Env0 platform lies in bringing together cost management and policy enforcement into one platform, thereby, ensuring more holistic governance of the underlying infrastructure.

Pulumi Crossguard also allows programmatic control of policy compliance along with security and cost control. Pulumi allows developers to codify these compliance rules using the programing language they are comfortable with. Chef has taken its comprehensive infrastructure automation platform to enable Governance as Code with its Chef Compliance platform. Chef Compliance works across hybrid and multi-cloud environments, making it easy for central IT departments to ensure automated audit and remediation and, thereby, continuous governance.

Terraform has built the Sentinel policy as a code framework to work with its other products to ensure automatic compliance to governance. Sentinel is the foundation for multi-cloud Governance as Code for Hashicorp customers, giving them a more fine-grained policy control and multiple level enforcement.

While they don’t directly compete in the Infrastructure as Code and Governance as Code, it should be mentioned that CoreStack, a Seattle-based startup, provides a template-based infrastructure orchestration and governance platform.

Governance as Code is picking up steam and more enterprises are jumping into automated policy enforcement using code. While Terraform, Chef, and Red Hat Ansible lead the pack among the Infrastructure as Code players, Pulumi and Env0 are also competing hard with their own differentiation. Governance as code is the next frontier they are trying to target as multi-cloud adoption increase and enterprises demand a more seamless way to automatically ensure governance compliance without adding any friction for developers. Governance as Code is the next step in the enterprise IT modernization strategy.

We expect all the Governance as Code platforms to embrace machine learning to ensure continuous governance. CoreStack has taken the necessary steps to bring in machine learning to gain the necessary insights for remediation. From my conversations with Chef, Pulumi, and Env0, I expect them to use machine learning for ensuring policy compliance. While I haven’t spoken to Hashicorp recently, my conversations with the product team during 2019 Hashiconf gave me the impression that they will also bring machine learning into their platform.

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